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    君安在线直营【mantemopei.com.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。嘉兴偬贸来健身服务中心(原玉树导俑俾经贸有限公司)成立于1993年,占地面积66163平方米,亚美旗舰厅电子游戏其中生产厂房占地0044平方米,仓库面积占地0694平方米。固定资产1999万元,流动资产4735万元,干部职工共809人,工程技术人员67人。君安在线直营Figure1ChangesofPPI(ProducerPriceIndex)fromJune2011–June2013Source:Btrades,causingabnormalimportandexportfluctuationsBecauseofChinascapitalaccountcontrols,omsuchareasasHongKong,Macau,r,tothefirsthalfof2013,:internalandexternalinterestspreads,RMBappreciation,andtialcustomssupervisionareas,withthetradesconcentratedprimarilyinpreciousmetals,integratedcircuits,orothereasilytransportable,,afterregulatorymeasureswerestrengthenedinMay,exportgrowthdroppedto1%and-3%inMayandJunerespectively,%,Macao,andTaiwaninchina,%to6%,%%.Ifwesimplylookatnormaltrade,exportgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearremainedroughlyunchanged,rtualandtherealeconomyPresently,,M2andloanbalanceswereRMB105and68trillionyuanrespectively,or200%and130%,liquidityinthemoneymarket,whichexposedproblemsthathaveariseninthelastfewyears,suchasgebanksatlowrates,,low-efficiencycompanies,industriesexperiencingovercapacityorcashflowproblems,aswellashighly-leveragedrealestateventuresdrainedfundingfromtherealeconomyandasaresult,increasedoverallmark,thefinancialsectorseemedprosperousandhousingpricesroseinspiteoftheglobalrecession,butthemajorityoftherealeconomywasinseriousneedoffunding,,alackofeffectiveexitmechanisms,andslowovercapacityadjustmentsChinascurrentovercapacityaffectsawiderangeofindustries,,theconflic,fiercecompetitionatthelowerendofthevaluec,backwardproductionfacilitiescouldnotbecloseddownproperlyandindustrytransformationandupgradingcannotbesmoothlyattained,whichc,manyindustrieswithovercapacityareimportanttolocalgovernmentsformeetingGDP,taxrevenues,,duetothelackofeffectiveexitmechanisms,alotofinefficientorunprofitable"zombie"companies(insolventcompanies)areforcedtojustbarelyremaininbusiness,,butstructuralproblemscannotbeignoredInthecontextoftheeconomicdownturnperformance,employmentremainedbasicallystable,,,andthedemandgapfortechnicalworkers,skilledworkers,,:first,collegegraduatesarehavingdifficultysecuringemployment,,marketdemandcontinuedtobesluggish,laborandcapitalcostswererelativelyhigh,,higher-endserviceindustriessuchascatering,accommodation,exhibition,andentertainmentallexperiencedadeclineindemand,positionsdeclinedbynearly3percentagepointsinthefirstquarter,,andchangesinemploymenttrendsshouldbegivenadequateconcern.ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.。

    Figure1TypesofEconomicGrowthTrajectoryTheaboveclassificationmainlyfocusesontheeconomictake-offandthegrowthrate,,itisbelievedthatoncetakingoff,holeprocessofin,101economiesaroundtheworldhavesteppedintothegroupofmiddleincomecountries;andby2008,only13ofthemdevelopedtobehigh-incomecountries,completedtheirepicmissionofcatchingupandsucceededinnaturallandingathighincomelevels(theireconomicgrowthpatternisshownintherightpartofthesolidblacklineinFigure1).ThesesuccessfuleconomiesincludeJapan,SouthKorea,TaiwanofChina,HongKongSAR,PuertoRico,Mauritius,,witnessedeconomicstagnationorevenrecessionduetovariousreasonsduringcatchingup,andfellintothe"middleincometrap2"(theirgrowthpatternisshownbytheredlineinFigure1).Examplesincl-upprocesstherearetwodifferentscenarios:oneisanaturallanding,featuredwithsuccessfulindustrialization,slowdownoftheeconomicgrowthafterthecompletionofthecatching-upmissionandtheproduction(orgrowth)peaksofrepresentativeindustrialproductssuchasinfrastructure,housing,,,Germany,JapanandSouthKorea,whichcaughtupsuccessfullyaftertheWorldWarII,,whichmeansthemissionofcatchingupfailswhenthecatchingupprocessisinterruptedduetoproblemsintheeconomicsystem,developmentstrategy,andsocialdifferentiation,orforotherreasons,,000–6,,theeconomicgrowthslowsdownsharply–mostlybymorethan50%4–,,especiallysince2011,theChineseeconomyhastakenonsomenewcharacteristics,makingpeopleshowmoreandmoreconcernaboutthefactthatwhatalandingwillChinahaveinitseconomiccatchingupprocessandwillitbeanaturallandingorafallintothemiddleincometrap...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,"middleincometrap".Itroughlydescribessuchaphenomenon:whenacountrygetsridoftheMalthusianCycle,itseconomy,featuredwithindustrialization,willseethestartofeconomicgrowthinamodernsense;itsper-capitaaverageincomewillimprovesignificantlyinaperiodoftime,,itseconomystagnatesorrecedesforalongperiodandfailtogrowintoahig,Germany%;in1969whenitsper-capitaGDPreached10,440internationaldollars,,%.InJapan,%;andafteritsper-capitaGDPreached11,434internationaldollarsin1973,itseconomicgrowthdecelerated,and;from1973to1983,%.InSouthKorea,%;in1995whenitsper-capitaGDPreached11,850internationaldollars,itseconomicgrowthalsosloweddownevidently,%,from1981to2000,Brazil,ArgentinaandMexicoseconomyslippedintoprotractedstagnation,%,50%%respectivelyincomparisonwiththeaveragesduringtheirrapidgrowthperiod(1950-1980).Again,from1950to1975,theaverageannualGDPgrowthrateofformerSovietUnion,Hungary,%,%,%%respectivelywhileduringtheperiodfrom1976to2000,%(forformerSovietUnion,thefigurewastheaggregatesofallmembercountriesafteritsdisintegration),%,-%%respectively.HanJun,XuXiaoqing,GuoJianjun,YuBaoping,QinZhongchun,ZhangYunhuaFanXuezhiResearchReportNo97,2010After30yearsofreformandopening-up,Chinasoverallnationalstrengthissignificantlyimproved,andChinahasenteredthestagewhereindustrypromotesagricultureandurbanareaselevateruralareaswithsignificantlyenhancedabilityofgettingindustrysupportingagricultureandurbanareassupportingruralareasAndruraldevelopmenthasalsoenteredanewstagewherethepoliciestoaidagricultureandbenefitfarmersarebasicallyformedandasystemframewoist,therewouldbenosurvivalguaranteetothewholesociety;withoutprosperousruralareas,therewouldbenostablefoundationforthewholesociety;withoutrichfarmers,thedevelopmentofmodernization,"12thFive-YearPlan",weshouldtakethereformanddevelopmentofcountrysideintotheconsiderationoftheoverallsituationofthecauseofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,andweshouldmakethearrangementunderthecircumstancesofdeepeneddevelopmentofindustrialization,urbanization,marketization,s17thNationalCongress,"greatbannerofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics",followtheguidanceofDengXiaopingTheoryandthethoughtofThreeRepresents,thoroughlyapply"ScientificOutlookonDevelopment",balanceurbanandruraldevelopment,andtakeissuesfacingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersasthetoppriorityofthePartyalconstructionasChinassocialandeconomicstrategicbasisforfurtherdevelopment,andtaketheprogressofintegratingeconomicandsocialdevelopmentinurbanandruralareasasmajorstrategyofChina"givingmore,takinglessandlooseningcontrol",deepenruralreformandpushforwardtheinstitutionalinnovation,taketheroadofagriculturalmodernizationwithChinesecharacteristics,promotethestabledevelopmentinagriculture,growthinfarmersincomes,strivetoguaranteethebasicsupplyofmainfarmproducts,solveproblemsaboutlivelihoodinruralareas,andmakeprogreevelopedproduction,affluentlifeandasoundecologicalenvironment,andrealizeruralandurbanbenigninteractivity,"12thFive-YearPlan",guaranteethepredominantstatusoffamershouseholdbusinessandacceleratethe"TwoTransformations"agementonthebasisofhouseholdcontractmanagementisthebasicmanagementsysteminChinasruralareasandthecornerstoneforthePartyreformandinnovationmustlieinthefactthatonthebasisofguaranteeingfarmersfamily-orientedcontractoperation,weshouldcombinetheseadvantagesoffamilysdecentralizedoperationwiththoseofunifiedmanagementandservices,acceleratethe"TwoTransformations"inthemodeofagriculturaloperation,suchashouseholdoperationtransformingtowardadoptingadvancedtechnologyandmeansofproduction,unifiedmanagementdevelopingtowardcooperationandco-managementwithfarmers,soastoformadiversified,sagriculturaldevelopments,thehouseholdmanagementdoesnotonlyapplytotraditionalagriculturewhichisbasedonmanuallabor,butisalsoinlinewithmodernagr,wedonothavetoworryabouttheissupractices,thesmall-sizedlandmanagementpatterndoesnotrepeltheapplicationofadvancedagriculturaltechnologies,suchashigh-qualityseeds,fertilizers,pesticides,irrigationtechniquesandsoon,anditisnotstronglyconnectedwithfarmerslandmanagement;Andfortheuseofagriculturalmachines,althoughthosefarmerswithscaledfarmingmaybelimitedtosomeextent,theycanstillrealizehighermechanizationandapplicationefficiencybypurchasingsuitableagriculturathatthereisnopossibilitytotaketheroadofdevelopedEuropeanandAmerimproveintensificationofhouseholdoperation,,theefficientpetty-farmereconomicregimeisthebasicsocialmechanismforthecountrieswithlargepopulationandlimitedfarmlandtoguaranteefarmersspecificnationalconditionswithahugepopulationandlimitedfarmland,theimprovementofagriculturalmodernizationwillmainlyfocusonconsistentfamily-orientedmanagementandtheprincipleoffarmlandonlyforagriculturaluse,encouragingconcentrationoflandtoprofessionalfarmers,guaranteeingfarmersoperationandbenefits,avoidingindustrialandcommercialenterprisesfromleasingfarmerscontractedfarmlandforlongtimeandinlargesize,sunifiedmanagementregimeandimprovethedegreeoffarmers,itisstillhardforChineseagriculturesunifiedmanagementandserviceregimetomeetrequirementsofmodernagriculturetractmanagement,,collectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelinsomedevelopedareaswithadequatefinancialresourcescanprovideunifiedservicetofarmers,butmajorityofcollectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelwithhumbleincomemaylevel,giveafurtherfullplaytocollectiveorganizationscapabilityatcountrysidelevelinaspectsofunifiedmanagementandservice,andreinforcethevillages,cooperativesasthestrategicmeasuresfunctionsinorganizingfarmers,implementingpoliciesandgearingupformarketaccordingtotheprincipleof"servingfarmers,givingfarmersrighttojoinandleavecooperativesonavoluntarybasis,,givingfarmersequalrightsandenactingademocraticmanagement".Weshouldreinforcethesupporttospecializedfarmerscooperatives,fulfillLawsofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperatives,supportthedevelopmentofspecializedfarmerscooperativesintheaspectsoffiscalallocation,taxpreference,financialsupportandsoon,enhanceitscapabilityandlevelofservingagriculturalindustry,andmakeittobethemodernagriculturalorganizationinguidisnon-profitagriculturalserviceorganizations,variouskindsofagriculturalsocializedserviceorganizations,industrialmanagementorganizations,andleadingenterpriseswiththeparticipationoffarmersforindustrializedoperationsallpla,promotereformandconstructionofagriculturaltechnologypopularization,strengthennonprofitservice,improveorganizationandserviceteam,establishfundprotectionmechanism,,givefullplaytotwomechanismscapabilitiesincludinggovernmentalguidanceandmarketdrive,quickencultivationofallkindsofagriculturessocializedserviceorganizations,andpromotecomprehensiveservicesinthefieldsofinformation,technology,purchaseandselling,finance,agriculturalmachinesandsoon.10-200米ByZhangLiangGuShuzhong,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesResearchReportNo193,2011Extre,theincreasinglyglaringcontradictionbetweenrtagehasbecometheworstbottleneckimpairingurbandevelopmentandperformanceofBeijinguaranteewatersupplyinBeijing(1)Theamountofper-capitawaterresour,,calculationindicatesthattheamountofannualper-capitawaterresourcesisonly107cubicmeters,beingmuchlowerthantheinternationallyacknowledgedannualper-capitawatershortagecordonof1,000cubicmetersand,withtheever-increasingnumberofpermanentresidents,theamountofper-capitawaterresourceswillcontinuetodecrease.(2)Theamountofprecipitationandotherwatersuppliesareinseriousshortsup~2010was475millimeters,(ndgroundwaterresources),,theamountofaverageannualprecipitationhasdecreasedby20%inrecent11years,thetotalamountofwaterresourceshasdroppedby44%,thevolumeofentrywaterhasreducedby77%andtheamountofwaterresourcesfromMiyunReservoirandGuantingReservoirhasdecreasedby79%.Asaresult,theamountofusablewaterresourceshasdecreasedsharply.(3)Groundwaterresourceshavebeenoverlyextractedandtheamountofurban,Huairou,PingguandChangpingDistri,thegroundwaterlevelwasabout10metersdeepundergroundandthewaterlevelhasdroppedanannualaverageof3~beenobserved,,inwatersupplysecuritywillcontinuetoincreaseinBeijingduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodThe12thFive-YearPlanperiodwillbethemostdifficultperiodforwatersupplyinthehistoryofBeijingand,inparticular,thehardshortfall,thatduring2011~~,~,andt~,~etersrespectivelyin2009and2010that,throughsuchmeasuresascontinuingtooverlyextractgroundwater,drawingonMiyunReservoirandwideningtheuseofregeneratedwater,therewillstillbeahardshortfallof450millioncubicmetersinwatersupplyanddemandinthe6urbandistrictsofBeijing,ofwhichtheyearlywatershortageduring2011~2014willreach370million,380million,undertheSouth-NorthWaterDiversionProject,with800millioncubicmeterstobedistributedtotheurbanareas,butifextractionofemergencywaterresourcesisstopped,thetapwatersupplywellsareconservedandtheself-supplywellsarereplaced,,hewatersupplyrestraintswillbecomeallthemoreconspicuousWhenlocalwaterresourcesbecomelesscapableofmeetingwaterdemand,transferringwaterfromotherplac,Beijingsuccessivelytransferredwatertwicefromotherprovinces,withthefirsttransferfromHebeiwith200millioncu,Beijinghasponedfrom2010to2014,thediversionofwaterresourcescannotbeconductedonalargescalein3~5yearstime,therefore,transferringwaterfro,whendeterminingtransferprices,i,andrelevantecologicalcompensationswerenotgiventoplacesofwatersupply,thelocalinterestsweredirectlyimpaired,,HebeiandShanxiarewater-starvedprovinces,whicharesufferingfromwatersupplyshortfalls,thus,thetwoprovinceshavemuchdifficultytransferringwatertoBeijing,rojectsandwater-guzzlingprojectshavenotbeencontainedeffectivelyOnonehand,whennewly-builtprojects,afterdemonstrationanalysis,areputforwardforexaminationandapproval,,andtherelatedindicatorsareincomplete,plus,project-conductingunitsevadeexaminationsandfalselyreportwater-consumptioninformationnowandthen,incurringforcedwatersupplyaftertheprojectshavebeenstarted,,incaseofseriouswatershortage,s,intermsoftheservicesector,thenumberofso,000bathcenters,175golfcourses,22skiresortsandmorethan9,000carwashcentersinBeijingconsume10%orsoofthecitysyearlywaterconsumption.。

    澳门至尊MG女皇之心ByQinZhongchun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo179,2012(Total4181)sCultivatedLandResourcesSincethereformandopeningup,Chinaseconomicandsocialprogresshasdevelopedcontinuouslyandrapidly,,Chinahasat,arelativelycompletepolicysystemhascurrentlycomeintobeingand,withthelandmanagementlawastheprincipalpart,thesaidsystemtakestheoverallplanforlandutilizationandtheutilizationcontrolasthemeansandadoptsastheinstrumentsthebasicfarmlandpreservationsystem,therequisition-compensationbalancesystem,thelanddevelopment,rearrangementandreclamationpoliciesaswellasthecultivatedlandpreservation,dlandresourcesandsuchmeasuresarebeingmadeincreasinglystrict,basicsupplyofcultivatedlandresourcesforfoodproductionandforothercropproductionsisafoundationforhandlingtherelationshipsbesedbytherapidexpansionofindustrializationandurbanization,Chinahasimplementedarigorouscultivate,Chinahasunveiledregulationsrestrictinganyw,thegovernmenthasformulatedandimplementedtheOverallPlanforLandUtilization,(15mumakeonehectare)ofarablelandbytheyear2020,andhastakenthisobjectiveasa"redline"thatmustbedefendedtenaciouslyandbroughtittoeffectineveryyear,atpresent,thecultivatedlandresourceshavebeenwellpreservedonthewhole,andthesupplyofarablelandresourcesforfoodsafetyhasbeenbasicallyguaranteed,,thankstothepreservationofthecultivatedlandresources,Chinasgrainacreagehasmountedupsteadily,andthecountryendedonthestate-formulatedOverallPlanforLandUtilization(2006~2020)tomapout,theyhavedrawnupvariouskindsofplansincludingregionaldevelopmentplansandurbandevelopmentplpreservation,theprovincesandmatedlandresourcesTherequisition-compensationbalanceofcultivatedlandresourcesisoneofthemostimportantmanagementmeasu,remarkableresultshavebeenachievedunderthesystem,notonlyprovidingvaluablespacefortheaccelerationofurbanization,butalsoeasingtoacertainextentthepressurecausedbynon-agriculturallan,thenati,200millionmuoflandresourcesofvarioustypeswererearranged,reclaimedanddevelopedwithgreatefforts,andthearablelandresourceswereincreasedby31millionmu,,betteringtheconditionsforagriculturalproduction,suchasfieldirrigationworks,networksofforestsandroads,improvingthequalityofthearablelandresourcesandlayingasol,currentlyvariouslocalitiesareseekingself-balanceormakinglandadjustmentwithotherlocalitiesmainlythroughexploitationofunutilizedlandonamassivescale,throughrenovationofsomepoorarablelandresourcesavailableinruralareasandthroughsupplementationandincreaseofarablelandresourcestoprovidelandquotasfornon-ag,inaccordancewiththepolicyof"supplementingarablelandresourcespriortolandoccupationforconstructionpurposes","supplementingthearablelandresourcesequivalenttothoseoccupiedfornon-agriculturalconstructionpurposes"and"makingarequisition-compensationbalance",relevantdepartmentsoflandandresourcesofvariouslocalitiesmakeinvestigationsandsetuplandrearrangementprojectsand,inthelightofthestate-issuedarablelandoccupationplansfornon-agriculturalconstructionandthearablelandsupplementationplans,,organizetheconstructionoftheprojectsaccordingtotheconstructionprojectmanagementmeasuresandexercisesupervision,ementedarablelandandimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarableland,:First,theyhavepeeledthearablelayersoffthelandoccupiedbynewly-increasedroadsandditchesinthefieldsforconstructionworks,thefarmlandoccupiedbycentralvillagesorcompactcommunities,andslopelandrenovatedintoterracedfields,andmovedthepeeled-offfertilesoiltonewarablelandtoimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarablelandandincreasethesoilfertility;second,throughcomprehensiveimprovementofthefields,waterresources,roads,woodsandvillagesintheprojectareas,theyhaveimprovedmedium-andlow-yieldfields,renovatedslopelandintoterracedfields,transformeddampfieldsandbuiltdrainageandirrigationcanalsandditches;andthird,basedonthestandardof100yuanforeachmuofnewly-increasedarableland,theagriculturaldepartmentshaveconductedsoil-testingformula-fertilizationintheprojectareasand,tomeettherequirementforagriculturalindustrializationafterthecompletionofprojects,haveputforwardsoilimprovementreportsandhavetestedthesoilimprovementaftercompletionoftheprojects.ByShiYaodong,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo180,2012(Total4182)Inadequateinnovationcapabilityoflargestate-ownedenterprises(SOEs)canbemainlyattributedto"fivelacks",namely,lackofstimulation,capabilities,experiences,reluctancetomadeinvestmentindifficultinnovationactivitieswhichinvolvelargeinvestment,highrisksandlonginvestmentrecoveryperiod,theyareoftenfoundto"bewellcapablebutpoorlystimulated".First,asthemajorplayerininnovationactivities,,,,,,,oncesucceed,canbringprofitsmuchhighe,especiallyleadingplayersinthemarket,duetoinadequatecompetitionpressure,mostofthemdonotfeelmuchpressureforsurvivalanddevelopment,,comparedwithotherenterprise,SOEsaremorelikelytoinvestinlow-riskandsophisticatedtechnologiesandproducts,andareparticularlyinclinedtoorganizemassiveproductionbyintroducingforeignproventechnologies,ratherthanconductingoriginalinnovationaciditiesinvolvinglargeinvestment,,entrepreneursarepersonalizedrepresentativesofenterpriseties,tlongsuchasstockincentivesmechanism;otherwise,entrepreneursmaychooseinnovationactivitiesinvolvinglowestrisks,forfearoffailureofexpensiveinnovationactivities,ortheymayputshareholdersecognizedsocialstatus,icials,whichisknownasthe"revolvingdoor"phenomenon,,socialstatusandsenseofhonorandfulfillmentlargelydependontheenterprisesize,growthrateandstability,,theRDemployeesarethosewhoconductinnovationactivities,andthestimulationforthesepe,theRDstaffhasthesamedemandforre,SOEsRDstaffreceivelowerremunerationlimitedbytheceilingontotalwages(thetotalwagesmaygrowannuallyaccordingtotheperformanceoftheyear,buttheincrementisusuallysmallerthaninforeign-fundedandprivateenterprises)verelyimpairedtheirenthusiasmininnovation,andtheyareinclinerivateenterprises,astheirRDstaffoftenma,,SOEshaveneverbeeninthesituationthatonlybyjointinnovationcantheysurviveanddevelop,,theconsiderabledisparityinstrengthconfinesthedesireforjointinnovation,whilelargeSOEsarereluctanttotitssharingandenterprisesounterpartsforinnovation.ByBaShusong,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo17,2013(Total4266)Recently,withbankfinancialproductsbecomingahotspottopicinChina,,thedefinition,connotationandmeaningoftheshadowbankinggivenbytheinternationalfinancialcirclearecloselylinkedwiththeeconomicandfinancialstructures,differentstagesoffinanciald,managingdirectorofPacificInvestmentManagementCompany(PIMCO),,theinternationalf:ScopingtheIssues,aresearchreportpublishedbyFinancialStabilityBoard(FSB)inApril2011,shadowbankingrefersto"asystemofcreditintermediationthatinvolvesentitiesandactivitiesoutsidetheregularbankingsystem,andraisessystemicriskaswellasregulatoryarbitrageconcerns."Factorsfortheshadowbankingtotriggersystemicrisksmainlyinclude:maturitymismatch,liquiditytransformation,arly,thestructuresoftheshadowbankingarevariedduetothevarietyoffinancialstructures,differentdevelopmentstagesoffinancntermediationsystemconductedthroughriskdiversificationandleverageenlargementcenteredonsecuritizationofmoneymarketfundssuchasinvestmentfundsandinvestmentbanks,whereasshadowbankinginEuropemainlyincludespresentfinancialsystemlikethoseholdingadominantpositionihadowbankingfromdifferentperspectivestocorrespondtothepresentChinesefinancialmarket,whichgenerallyincludesfourscopes:thenarrowestscope,whichmakesshadowbankingtoonlyinvolvebankfinancingbusinessandtrustcompanies;thenarrowscope,whichinvolvesbankfinancingbusinessandsuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsastrustcompanies,financecompanies,autofinancingcompanies,financialleasingcompaniesandconsumerfinancecompanies;thewidescope,whichinvolvessuchform-basedbusinessasthenarrowscope,inter-bankbusinessandentrustedloans,aswellassuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsasfinancingassurancecompanies,petty-loancompaniesandpawnshopsandsoforth;thewidestscope,ttentionandiscurrentlythemostprevalent,namely,thenon-bankfinancialinstitutionssuchasbankfinanropeandtheUnitedStatesBasedonabove-mentioneddefinitionandfeaturedescription,andinlinewiththeperformanceoftheshadowbankingsystemintheinternationalfinancialcrisis,scopingtheshadowbankingshouldmainlyincludethefollowingthreeaspects:First,whethe,shadowbankingintheUnitedStatesandEurope,suchasthehedgefund,hadnotbeenmonitoredtothefulland,propelledbysuchfinancialinnovationsascounterpurchaseandassetsecuritization,suchinstitutionshadconstantlyexpande,whethershadowbankingischaracterizedbymaturitymismatchandhigh-leverageoperation,,theshadowbankingliabilitiesintheUnitedStatesandEuropewerefocusedonshort-termwholesalefinance,suchastheinter-banklendingandcommercialbills,butinvestmentsweremadeinprotractedandpoorlymobileassetssuchasassetsbackedsecurities,,thebalancesheetsofthemajorUSinvestmentbankshadexpandeddrastically,evenwiththeaverageleveragescoringa40-foldincreaseorsoand,duringthecrisis,theferociousde-,whethershadowbankingisofrelevanceandinfectiousness,,theshadowbankingsystemhadcorrelatedwiththecommercialbankingsystembymeansofbusinesscontactandequityinvestmentinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,spreadingthecrisis-incurredrisksquicklyfromtheshadowbankingsystemtothetrad,althoughthedrivingforcebehindtheemergenceoftheshadowbankingsysteminChinaisbasicallyaimedattheregulatoryarbitrageandisalsocharacterizedbyliquiditytransformationandcreditrisks,andalthoughsomeriskcontrollinksshouldbestrengthened,theshadowbankingsystemhasbeenbroughtundertheregularsupervisionsystemonthewholeandisnottypicallycharacterizedbythehighleverageandthematuritymismatchthatmaytriggersystemicrisksand,meanwhile,thesizeofthesaid,,thebankfinancialproductsfallwithinthestatisticalrequirementsenforcednowbysupervisiondepartments,theperformanceofthefinancialproductsissuedbycommercialbanksshouldbesubmittedtosupervisiondepartmentsatregularintervals,andtheparticularsofthefinancialproductsshouldalsobesubmittedtmmercialBankspromulgatedin2005andtheMeasuresonManagementofSalesofFinancialProductsofCommercialBanksimplustcompanies,includingaccessmanagementandcapitalregulation(MeasuresonManagementofNetCapitalofTrustCompanydemandsthatthetrustcompaniesnetcapital-to-riskcapital-ratioshouldsurpass100%).ConstrainedbysuchrulesandregulationsastheMeasuresonManagementofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theProvisionalMeasuresontheAssessmentofIndicatorsMonitoringRisksofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theMeasuresfortheImplementationofAdministrativeApprovalsforNon-BankFinancialInstitutions,theMeasuresonManagementofAutoFinancingCompaniesandthePilotMeasuresonManagementofConsumerFinanceCompanies,thesupervisioncompanies,withreferencetotheregulatoryrequirementsovercommercialbanks,havesetupacompletesetofprud,Chinasshadowbankingsystemindependentlyandrelevantinformationshouldbedisclosedfullytomatcheverysumoffundswithcorrespondingassetsandtoenableeachearningstocovertherisksonthewhole(AccordingtoWinddata,theanticipatedannualrateofreturnonbanks%,%,andwithinthesame6-monthperiod,%%respectively;accordingtoSB,anAmerican-fundedsecuritytrader,onlylessthan10%ofthefinancialproductsyieldaninterestratehigherthan5%).Hence,risksoffinancialproductsshouldbebasicallyclosetothoseofsimilarinvestmentproductsiseway,thetimelimitforover90%oftheassetsisgenerallywithin5years,andthedegreeofm,currentlytrustcompaniesinChinashouldnotoperateonborrowingsandcannotgiveloanstobankseither,,thetrustfundsarebeingoperatedinaseal-offway,,highleverageandmaturitymismatcharenotthefeaturesofthetrustfunds....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.君安在线直营重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByDengYusong,DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofSystemandPolicyoftheStableandSustainedDevelopmentofHousingMarketofChina,InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo19,2012Inrecentyears,Chinahasunveiledaseriesofrealpropertyregulatorypoliciestoholdbacktheexcessivelyfastriseofho,viewsvaryatpresentamongpeopleabouthowtodeterminethereasonablelevelofhousingprices,thusmakingitnecessarytodiscussandstnationalexperiencesrevearatioThehousingprice-to-incomerati,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioiscurrentlyamainindicatoradoptedbymostcountrie:theratiobetweenthem:theratiobetweenth,thehousingprice-to-incomeratiohasitsbiggestshortcominganddifficulty,theChinesescholarshaveoftenused"4to6times"as"internationalstandard".Yetinfact,aslevelsofeconomicdevelopment,populationstatusandresourceendowmentofvariouscountriesarequitedifferent,thereisno-incomeratiosbetweenvariouscountries(Seethetablebelow).Nevertheless,themaximumhousingprice-to-incomeratiohadbeennomorethan5timesbeforetheUSsub-primelendingcrisisbrokeout,beingstillwithintheso-calledvaluationrangeof"internationalstandard"of"4to6times".Substantially,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioreflectstherelationndifferentcountriesandregions,itisinevitablef,levelofeconomicdevelopment,systemandenvironmentindifferentcountriesandcities,thereisnosensehorizontallycomparingsuchratiosofdifferentcitiesinasimplewayandtheobjec,astheirresourceendowmentiscertain,theaverageofyearsratioscanroughlyreflecttheprotractedpricerelationshipsbetweenlandandlaborforce,whereas,oncetheratiodeviatesfromtheaverage,thenitsignifiesthatunus,theUShousingprice-to-incomeratiobegantoevidentlygethigherthanitshistoricalaveragelevelafter2004,theUSrealestatemarkethasbeenrestructuredsubstantiallysince2008,thenatpresenttheUShousingprice-to-(Groupedasperhouseholdincomelevel)ByYuanDongming,GeneralOfficeofDRCandLiGuangqian,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo132,2012Inrecentyears,themarkethaswitnessednumerouscasesofunusualfluctuationofthepricesofChineseherbalmedicines,remaithaviewtostraighteningupthemarketandforthepurposeoffocusingontheestablishmentofasingleandspecializedmarketandtheformationofthe"individuality+multiplicity",significantchangeshavetakenplaceinthemarketcircumstancesfortheoperationoftheherbalmedicines,andinnovationshionmodelandactivelyboosttheimprovementofthemarketsystem,thetransformationofthespecializedmarketandthechangeofmeansofsupervisionsoastolayafoundatihineseherbalmedicinemarkethasexperiencedthreephasesofdevelopmentsincetheimplementationofreformandopeninguppolicy:(before1994)Aftertheimplementationofthereformandopen-doorpolicy,thetransitionoftheproduction,operationandsalesofherbalmedicinalproductsfromunderthepreviousplannedeconomysystemtothepresentmarketeconomysystemgreatlyboostedthecultivationandtradingofherbalmedicinalmaterials,,over100herbalmedicinemarketstookshapespontaneouslyacrossthecountry,dthedecoctionpieces(preparedherbalmedicineinsmallpiecesreadyfordecoction)theherbalmedetsandthemarketmanagementwasterriblyimperfect,leadinoducts,severelyimpairingt(1994~2003)ItwasputforwardintheUrgentCircularoftheStateCouncilonFurtherStrengtheningthePharmaceuticalAdministrationWorkpromulgatedin1994thatthespecializedherbalmedicinemarketsshouldberectifiedandstandardized,andin1995theStateAdministrationofTraditionalChineseMedicine,StatePharmaceuticalAdministration,MinistryofPublicHealthandtheStateAdministrationofIndustryandCommercejointlyformulatedtheSta,variouslocalitiesacrossthecountrystraighteneduptheirrespectiveherbalmedicinemarketsaccordingtotheStandardsandclosedtheineligibleones,andexercisedr,116illegalmedicinalfairtrademarketshadbeenbannedoneafteranotherthroughoutth  (since2003)Withthefurtherdevelopmentofthemarketeconomyandtheever-growinglaw-enforcementandsupervisionefforts,theobsoletemeansofexchangeonthespecializedmarketsturnedoutmaladaptiveandthemarketswereencumberedbyanumberofprevailingproblems,suchasmanagementchaos,operationbeyondthedesigna,theStateFoodandDrugAdministrationmadesamplinginspectionoftheherbalmedicinalmaterialssoldonspecializedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheamountofdefectiveproductsreachedashighas31%,ofwhichthedefectiveproductsofsomevarietiesevensurged83%,withbothperc%,theStateFoodandDrugAdministration,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theStateCouncilOfficeforRectifyingIllegalMarketOrdersandtheGeneralAdministrationforIndustryandCommercestartedthespecialrectificationof17specializedmarketsandotherillicitfairtrademarketsnationwide,withthefocusbeingmadeontheenh,theherbalmedicinemarketshaveplayedanimportantpartinenliveningmedicinecirculation,increasingfarmers,thenumberofpermanentpersonnelinvolvedinherbalmedicinesin17specializedmarketshastopped100,,thesp,withthedevelopmentoflocally-supportedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheexpansionofthemarketdemand,,thereareover100specializedmarketsandthousandsoffai,circ,somelargemanufacturersofdecoctionpiecesandherbalmedicinesaremakingpurchasesdirect,moderninformationizedmeanshaveexpeditedtheparturitionofmanynewherbalmedicinecirculationpatterns,suchaschainoperation,onlinetransactionandfuturestrading.ByXiaBinChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo159,yRegimeThemonetaryperformanceofanationisfinallydeterminedbyfourexternalfinancialvariablesincludingmonetarypolicy,financialsupervision,microscopicbehaviorandexchangerate,gerateregimean,thechoiceofexchangeraarystabilityregime,sothattheexchangerateofonecurrencyagainstanotherforeigncudevelopment,,thecurrencyhaditsintrinsicvalueandtheparvalueofexchangepossessedendogenousstability,soobviouslytheexchangerateregimewasendogenousfixedexchangerateregi,owingtothegoldandforeignexchangecontrolimposedbyvariouscountries,theinternationalgoldstandardfixedexchangerateregimecompletelycollapsed,andthentheinternat,cantherebeasolidfoundationandrelevantsignificanceforthefusionofmonsweighingofcurrencyvaluestability,fullemploymentandthegoalofbalanceofpaymentsequilibrium,:RetrospectionandRuminationbyRobertMundellconcludesthroughdetailedanalysisthatpolicyoptionsaremadenotjustthroughsimplychoosingthefixedexchangerateregimeorfloatingexchangerateregime,,variouscountrieshavedifferenttransmittingregimesineconomiccycles,andthusthedegreesof,underfixedexchangerateregime,thestabilityofcurrencyisachievedbyvirtueofcurrencyvaluestability(ingoldstandardregime,thepriceofgold)ofkeycurrencies(suchasinternationalmajorreservecurrencies)ofaresponsiblemajoreconomy;whileunderfloatingexchangerateregime,thestabilityofcurrencyisachievedbyvirtueofotherregimesincludingmonetarystandard(byMiltonFriedman),commoditystandard(byThomasAttwood,IrvingFisherorFrankGraeme)andsalarystandard(byRobertMundell)().:ChoiceintheStrategicTransitionalPeriodInthecontextofinternationalmonetaryregime,thecurre,Euro,poundandyenasmajorreserveandsettlementcurrencies,exchangeratesbetweenmajorcurrenciesfloatingfreelyandfreechoicesofreservecurrency,exchangera,itcanbeexpectedthatinthenext10,20oreven30years,therewillbenofundamentalchangesinthebasicpatternof“onekeycurrencyandmultiplesecondarycurrencies”(accountingforabout65%oftheworldscurrentreservecurrencies)isrelativelyweakening,andthestrengthofsecondarycurrenciesincludingEuro,,,thecontestfordominanceintheintratesofvariouscountriesshallstillbehardtoachieve,exchangeratesbetweentheworldsmajorcurrenciesshallbemoreturbulent,sconstantlydevelopingeconomyandfinance,Chinaisamajoreconomywithalargepopulation,andhas,itseconomystillhasgreatpot,andthemarket-o,thereisanurgentneedforfurtherparticipationinthefinancialglobalizationforthesustainableeconomicdevelopmentofChina;ontheotherhand,"pathdependence"andthecomplexrealitydeterminesthatintheglobalenvironmentofincreasingeconomicuncertainties,attentionshallbepaidtothesecurityofstatefinanceandeconomywithfurtherparticipationinthefinancialglobalization,,simplychoosingthestrictfixedexchangerateofsinglecurrencypegorselectingafullyfloatingexchangerate(polarsolution),,itisntsuitableforChinatocarryoutthestrictfixedexchangerateregime,norisChinaqualifiedtoactasthekeyintern,--Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirstquarterof2013andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceDespitetheoveralleconomicupturnworldwidesince2013,structuralcontradictionsandriskshaveincreasedintheChineseeconomy,whenreductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthrat,weshouldaimthemacroeconomicpoliciesatproperlyhandlingtherelationshipsbetweenstableeconomicgrowth,,throughadoptingrelevantreformmeasures,releasethegrowthpotential,consolidateinvestmentandincreaseconsumption;innovateonsectoralregulationpatterns,activelyandsteadilymitigateovercapacityandfacilitatethereadjustmentofeconomicstructure;adoptthepolicyofstoppinguploopholeswhileopeningupnewchannelssoastograduallyreleasefinancialrisks,toconstantlyimprovethequalityofgrowthandeconomicbenefitan%Inthefirstquarter,theglobaleconomicperformancetookaturnforthebetter,whichhelpedtodriveforwardthe,theChineseeconomyiswitnessingareductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthratesintertwinedwiththeweakrecoveryoftheshort-termeconomiccycle,increasedstructuralcontradictionsandrisksas,stableinvestment,theupturnperformanceofworldeconomyandpublicexpectationsforeconomicimprovement,China%inthefirstquarter,whichisalittlelowerthaninQ42012,%.orscoexistedwithnegativeonesPositivefactorsonthedemandsideincluded:first,exportgrowthroseevidently,%,,China,infrastructureandrealestateinvestmentmaintaineditsupturnmomentum,andthenominalgrowthexceeded20%.Theurbanfixedassetinvestmentmaintainedasteadygrowthand,amongothers,investmentgrowthspeededupinChina,,,%,,,duringthefirstquarter,%,soverallgrowthrate,,accountingforanaverageratioof34%overrecent5years,anditwill,incaseofacontinuousdownturn,insomeindustriesIncontrasttothedifferentiationofthedemandside,,theyear-on-yearaccumulativegrowthoftheindustrialaddedvaluehadremainedat10%,importantindustrialproductssuchasautomobiles,steel,cement,integratedcircuit,powerandcommunicationequipment,stsintheinteractiverelationshipbetweensupplyanddemand,,enterpriseswi,,thecontinuityoftheriseininventoryisdetermpo,,,thecapacityutilizationinsuchindustriesassteel,automobile,cement,nonferrousmetal,textile,hsectorsasinfrastructureandrealestate,whichareanimportantdrivingforcefordemandgrowth,,excessivelyrapidgrowthofdemand,ifany,islikelytostimulatethegrowthofinvestmentinovercapacityindustries,mprovethecapacityutilizationtoacertainextentwithoutincurringenormousinvestmentstimulusbutgainingtimeforthereduction%Theworldeconomicsituationisbetterthanlastyear,boththetertiaryandmanufacturingindustriesareexpanding,andthecapacityutilizationhashitanall-timehighover62monthstime;therealestatesectorcontinuestorevive,withthehousingsalesreachingarecordhighover39months;theemploymentfigurehasreachedthepre-crisislevel,%;andcorpor,thePMIofEurozonesserviceandmanufacturingindustries,theeconomicboomindexaswellastheinvestmentconfidenceindexalldroppedinMarch,d,thereturnrateofnationaldebttreasurybondsofvariousEurozonecountrieswentdownnotably,bytheShinzoAbegovernment,,,theeconomicobserverprospectsindexadandfourthquarterslastyear;andinFebruary,PMIsoftheBRICcountriesalltopped50,suggestingthew,itispredictedthatChinasexportgrowthwillreachabout10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByChenXiaohongWangHuaiyu,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-EnterpriseRelationsforStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstitute,theDRCThispaperfirstpointsoutthatChinasintellectualproperty(IP),throughco-operationbetweenthegovernmentandenterprisesinimprovingtheIPsystem,e-innovationTheOutlineforChinasStrategyofIntellectualProperty(abbreviatedtoOutline),thefirstoneofitskindpromulgatedinJune2008bytheStateCouncil,hasdepictedthestatusquoofChinassystemofintellectualpropertyanditsapplicationandputforwardtheguidelines,strategictargetsandprioritieslaiddowninChinasstrategyofnimportantcontributiontotheformationofChinasstrategyofintelle,sinceChinassystemofintellectualpropertyhascomeintobeingforashortperiodoftimeandrelevantresearchhasbeeninadequate,ndentintellectualpropertyareinferiorinChina,peoplehadtofindoutwh,theOutlinealsoholdsthat"policiesandmeasuresrelatedtointellectualpropertyinlinewithnationalconditionsshouldbeadoptedvigorouslytoboostnationaldevelopment".Intermsofnationalcondition,exceptfortheemphasisontheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrightsinspecialareas,otherconspicuousmeasureandmethodshavenotbeenlaiddownintheOutlineItisattributabletothelessanduncleardiscussionoverthestatusquoandstrategisofthethenChineseenterprisesortechnicalinnovationandalsoduetothelessunderstandingoftheselectableplansforstrategiesandsystemofllectualproperty,itwil,withoutdefiniteandclearsolutionstotheproblems,itwillstillbehardtohaveacommonunderstandingofthetybasedontheguidingideologyconduciveto"re-innovation"yindependentand,ifChinascommitmentmadeatitsaccessiontoWTOisarestrictiveterm,thisformationmustbeinlinewithChinasnationalconditions,andespeciallyconformtoandcoordinatewiththestatusquoanstrategyoftechnicalinnovations(orinventions),technicalinnovationstrategiesandsignificanttechnicalinnovationstrat,,suchas20oreven30yearsinthefuture,icalsourceofothers,whichisknownastheenhancedinnovation(includingmajorenhancedinnovations).IntegratyconductedbyChineseenterprisesaremainlysecondaryinnovationorre-innovationandthatthesecondary-innovation,inthecontextoftheglobalizedmanufacturingindustry,willremaintheimmediatechoicefortheimprovementoftechnologiesforChina,arenownedJapaneseeconomist,wroteapaperin1999holdingthatuptothe1990simportantindustrtedinthesameyearalsofranklyimportedbasictechnologiesfromUSAandEuropeancountriesandhasimprovedthetechnologiesandusedperfectcapabilitiestomakenecessaryenhancementoftheproductionsites".EvenamongsevencategoriesofstrategicrisingindustrieslistedbyChinaandtobedevelopedin23direction,mostareindustrieswithtechnologiesfromdevelopedcountriesandareevensuccessfullycommercialized,withafewnumberofindustrialtechnologiesremainingunripe,butforeigncountriesaremostlytak,notonlyinChina,butevenindevelopedcountriessuchasUSA,ategicimportancetoChinasinnovationsatitspresentdevelopmentstageandinlightofChinafintellectualpropertyonthebasisofdefiningthebasicfeaturesandstrategiesoftechnicalinnovation:Weshouldnotonlystrengthentheprotectionofintellectualpropertyofsuperiorobjectsandshouldallthebetterpayspecialattentiontotheencouragemlogicalprogressinindustriesneedingcontinuousandintegratedinnovation,strengtheningmotivation,supportandapplicationofre-innovationshouldbeanimportantresearchtopicforChinasstrategyofintellectualpropertyandbeanimportantorientationforthereadjustmentofChinatheprotectionoforiginalinnovation(orinvention)butislayingspecialemphasisonmotivatingthere-inventor(technicalinventor)whenbalancingtherighsystemofintellectualpropertyisinclinedtowardsoriginalinnovators(technicalinventers)andtheJapndregulationsgivingimpetustore-innovation,theinterrelationsbetweentherulesandregulationsandthemethodsofapplication,,thispaperwillnotdealwiththerelationsbetweenoriginalinventionandre-inventionindetail,butstillwantstopointoutthatpayingattentiontore-inventionorsecondary-innovation,asshownbyJapaneseexperience,willnotimpaistemofintellectualproperty(includingcoordinationwithrelevantsystems)shouldsupportandprotectre-innovationisvirtuallystressingthatthedesigningofthesystemshouldconformtrom"abusingtheiradvantages"bycapitalizingontheirforwardinventionsandintellectualpropertytohamperChineseenterprisesfromd,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,andruralsocialundertakingshavebeendevelopingrapidly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、君安在线直营用户至上利记足球网开户ZhangLiqunChina,weshouldno,bytakingthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowthandtheintensifyingpressureofmarketcompetitionastheturningpoint,acceleratetheeconomicrestructuringan,suchastheunstabledemandintherealestatemarket,thedelayoftheprocessofurbanization,obstaclesagainstindustrialrestructuring,unclearpropertyrights,interestsandresponsibilitiesanddefectivefulfillmentofgovernmentduties,ralongperiodoftimeandisaleadingforceforexpandingconsumptionanddomesticdemandAtthepresenttimeandforalongperiodoftimeinthefuture,improvinglivingconditionsoftheChinesepeoplewi,carstockperthousandpersonshadreachedabout52inChina,whila,,(floorspace)inChina,whilethatofJapanandtheUnitedStatesamountedto42squaremeters(in2008)and74squaremeters(in2000),inclusiveofurbanizationprogress,fvitalimportancetoimprovingtheabilitytocombatexternalimpactandstabilizingeconomicgrowthSince2002,theconsumptionupgradingfocusedonhousitalretailsalesofconsumergoodshasexceeded50%.After2009,growthofdomesticdemandhasreliedtoalargee,particularlytheever-improvingcapabilityforthegrowthofconsumptiondemand,eofconsumptiongrowthsincethisyear3,,itispredictedthattheconsumptionwon,uncertaintiesmayincreaseevidentlsedonhousingandtransportationontoatrackofstableandsust(1)Linkinstitutionalbuildingcloselywithpolicyreadjustmentandguidehousingdemandtoastableandsusand,themostimportantistolevyhousingpropertytaxandthecapitalgainstax4,thatis,tolevytaxesonthos,weshouldactivelysupportandreasonablyguidethepurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownerstrativecontrolovermortgageloanssoastograduallyturntherigidpurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownersresidencesorforimprovinghomeownershousingconditionsintoaleadingforcebehindtherealestatemarketdemandandtoenhancethestabilityandsustainabilityofthegrowthoftherealestatemarketdemand.(2)ActivelycreateconditionsforentryofcarsintohouseholdsEndeavoringtoentercarsintohouseholdsisonthewholeinli,restrictingdisplacementandexhaustemissionsandlimitinguseofcars,weshouldimproveandstabilizepoliciestowardhouseholdcaruseasurbanizationUrbanizationprovidesthewidestspaceforsupportingChina,byOctober2010,Chinasurbanpopulation(permanentresidentpopulation)hadtotaled667million,%.InternationalcomparisonssuggestthatChina,whatmeritsattentionisthat,accordingtohouseholdregisters,Chinasnon-agriculturalpopulationreached450millionin2009,meaning,wewillgiveurbanhouseholdregisterstoabout500millionregister-freeurbanandruralpopulationsinChina,in31yearsfrom1978to2009,thenumberofpeo,weshouldbynomeansunderestimateChinasfutureurbani,governmentpublicserviceandlong-termplanforurbandevelopmentarethreebottleneckissuesrestrictingurbanizationprocess(1)AcceleratethereformofhouseholdregistrationsystemPilotpracticehasbe,themainproblemsexistintheopennessofthepublicwelfareandemploymentchancesthatarecloselylinkedwiththehouseholdregister,formofthehouseholdregistrationsystem.(2)EmphasisshouldbelaidonprovincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatustoexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsabilitytoofferpublicservicesToopenupurbanhouseholdregistration,wemustexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsonsystemtogetherwiththeacceleratedenhancementofgovernments,province-levelmunicipalities,provincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatus(%%ofallcities)accommodated32%formofthehouseholdregistrationsystemaswellasconstructionofgovernmentsutregistersinthesecities,wecouldexpeditetheenhancementofthepublicservicecapabilities,onthisbasis,integrateandstandardizethecontofthepublicservicesystemaccordingtourbanpopulationgrowthafterthehouseholdregistrationlimitationhasbeenloosenedsoastomatchtheimprovementoftheurbangovernmentpublicservicecapabilitiestotheneedforpopulationtransfertourbanareasandtoguaranteethegradualoverallopennessoftheurbanhouseholdregistrationsystem.ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceoftheDRCResearchReportNo130,arandthebeginningof2010,underthepressureofexcessmoneysupplyathome,therealestatepricessurgedup,thesystematiclocaldebtrisksbecameconspicuous,qualityofbankassetswas,itisimmi,thegov,%%inthesecond,,accordingtopredictionsbymanyinstitutions,GDPgrowthwillcontinuetodeclineduringthethirdandfourthquartersandislikelytogodowntolessthan9%,,presentingagrowth-declinetrendItisattributabletothegrowthbaseoflastyearandismainlyasaresultformancetobecomestablewithinashortperiodoftime,namelytherealestatepolicy,therectificationoflocalfinancingplatf,,afactorthatcannotbeneglectedisthatthenewloanmanagementmodelof"ThreeMeasuresandOneGuidance"enactedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommissionhasevidentlyreducedthederivedfactor,thusplayingtheroleasdoesthe,intermsoffutureeconomicperformance,despitethequarterlyslowdownandthegrowthfollowedbydeclinetrend,thepredictionmadebyalargenumberofChineseandforeigninstitutionsoverthepreviousperiodoftimeisthattheeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearwillstillbeabletoremainbetween9%~10%(%%byOECD).CPIwillrisetoitsmaximuminthethirdquarter,~,thusafailureofcontrolwillnotappear(Recently,someinstitutions,suchasGoldmanSachsGroup,aregraduallybringingdowntheirCPIpredictiveindicatorsforthewholeyear).Itshouldbementionedthatthepresentdevelopmenttrendisapositiveresultofthe,reflectingthechangeofthemo,nextyeartheyear,theeconomicfailurewillbelittlepossibleonthewholeduringthisyear,whichhasrelativelyprovidedarare,policiesforthelatterhalfoftheyearshouldstillbefocusedonthemacro-controlmeasuresimplementedduringthefirsthalfandontheprincipleof"continuity,stability,flexibilityandpertinence"putforw,closeattentionshouldbepaidtothechangeofsituationandtherhythmandintensityofmacro-controlshouldbehandledproperlytocontinuallyadvancethechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelop,%,thecentralbankinthebegi,%.Sucharateofincrease,asitshows,isnotslowandthemonetarypolicyismoderatelyeasy,becauseduringthe5yearsfrom2004~2008,GDPunde%.IftheGDPgrowthratereaches9%orsothisyear,thegrowthrateofloanswillbefiv,eformof"bank-trustco-operation",thefinancialvolumethrough"bank-trustco-operation",wemustexercisesupervisionoversuchcooperation,becausewehavehadpenedinpreviousyearsresultedallfromthenegligenceofthemarketfig,,toguardagainsttheunnecessaryadverseimpactcausedbytheonce-and-for-allincreaseofinterestratesonthemarketduringthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowth,wecannotdobetterthanboosttheinterestrateliberalizationatthisfavorablemomenttobringupthedepositratestoamoderatelevel(Banksarevirtuallybringinguptheratesindisguisedform).Inviewoftheexchangeratepolicy,responseshavecomefavorablyfromhome,weshouldputintopracticetheofficiallyclaimedreformoftheexchangeratesystemaccordingtorelevantplanningaftermakingpropertransewholeaswellasfavorthesteadydevelopmentofChina’sforeigntradeandthegradualadvancementofitsstructuraladjustment.ByZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo182,2010Garbageisanissuethatconcernspeopleslivelihoodandimpactspeopleslivingenvironmentandphysicalhealth,oproperlyhandlelegitimatepublicoutcriesforenvironmentalprotection,,thisissueshouldreceivehighat,theissueo,whichstoodatabout30milliontonsin1981,roseto154milliontonsin2008,atanannualgrowthrateof5%~6%.,000countycitiesand20,000centraltownswereincluded,,garbag"headache"tockpilingInfaceofrapidurbangarbagegrowth,theinitialmethodemployedbyso"garbage-besieged",whichspoilscitylooks,,riverwater,groundwaterandotherwatersourcesareseriouslypolluted,,theorganicmattersdecompose,,notedforhighincidenceofdiseases,,roblemSomecitieshavebeenslowinlandplanningandusedthe,,"perceivableandtouchable"vanityprojectsandneglecttheconstrtedbythegeneralpublicbeca,somesmallandmedium-sizedcitieshavecommissionedgarbagetreatmenttoenterprisesthroughbiddingandotherchannelsandfailedtoexercisenecessary,theexistenceandoperationofthesefacilitieshaveaffectedthelifeandphysicalhealthofnearbyresidents,elopmentoftheChineseeconomyandthecontinuousimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard,dhealthrisks,and,thegrowingpublicresentmentsinthear,residentsinBeijing,Guangzhou,Jiangsuandotherplaceseitherstagedsit-insingarbagetreatmentgrounds,ormade"strolls"intherelatedgrounds,,whichnowhasarisingenvironmentalawareness,beginstotakeadvantageofInternetconveniencetovoicetheirhopethattheydonotwantgarbagetreatmentgroundsbuiltintheir"backyard",andconsistentwiththehuman-orienteds,indealingwithmassincidents,afewcitymanagers,whoareincompetentinsolvinggarbageproblemsandlackabilitytodealwithmassincidentsintheinformationage,,theytakeinappropriatemeasures,only,solvinggarbageproblemsGarbageDisposalIsMoreComplexthaninDevelopedCountriesChinasugncountries,thesubjectsofurb,theenvironmentaldepartmengandutilization,,Chinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,advancepreparationssu,,someplacesusereservedlandfillgroundsforrealestatedevelopmentandindustrialconstruction."Thenextgovernmentpaysnoattentiontothedecisionsmadebythepreviousgovernment."Governmentdepartmentsscrambleforanythi,theenviron,garbagetreatmentgroundsbecomecloserandclosertoresidentialareasandtheaccumulatedgantsAlthoughthecomponentsofforeigngarbagearerelativelystableandgarbagesortingandrecyclingreceivehighattention,composting,,Europeancountriestreated42%oftheirgarbagebyland-filling,20%byrecyclingand17%filli,,seconomicdevelopment,,thegarbageinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandotherlargecitiescontainsahigherratioofrecyclablecompo,thegarbageofsmallandme,morethan70%,nos...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORAcasestudyoffarmerTanYejunsaccountbooksinJilinProvinceconcerningchangesofgraingrowingcostbenefitoverthepastdecadeByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilJinSanlin,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo19,2013(Total4268)TanYejun,afarmerinSijiaziVillage,DalibaTown,QianguoCountyofJilinProvince,hasathree-memberfamily(Itwasasix-memberfamilytill2003;in2006,hissonanddaughtergotmarried,hencethepresentfamilysize),hehaskeptrecordingeachitemofincomeandexpense,whatevertheamount,fromtheincomeearnedthroughselling35,,Tanhasthreeaccountbookswhichgiveatrue-to-factp,acasestudyofTansaccountsshedslightonthesubstantialbenefitsthePartysagriculture-supportingpolicieshavebroughttograinproducersaswellastheprominentproblemsimpedingthegraingrowersIncomeGrowsYear-on-Year,WhichIsMainlyAttributabletoFavorablePolicies,ScaleOperationandRiseinGrainPriceThankstothepackageofagriculture-friendlypolicies,theTans,831yuanin2002toRMB118,698yuanin2011,;between2004and2011,%ayear,%%,theTanspercapitaincomereachedRMB39,500yuanin2011,attheupperlevelinhisvillage;theyhaveallthenecessaryhomeappliances,suchasthecomputer,refrigerator,colorTVandsoon,:JilinRuralHouseholdTansYearlyIncomefromGrainProductionByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo210,2012(Total4212)alCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,Chinahasmaderemarkableprogressinissuesrelatingtoagriculture,soverallagriculturalproductivityhasincreasedsubstantially,farmerslivingstandardshavebeensignificantlyraised,importantheadwayhasbeenmadeinmodernizingagricultureandbuildingsocialistnewruralareas,andthebalancebetweenvelopmentwasatitsbest,,achievementsrelatingtoagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersaremainlydemonstratedinthefollowingfiveaspects:,Chinasgrainoutputhasincreasedcontinuouslyfor9years,,,,oil,sugar,meat,eggsandmilkhavemadeanewbreakthrough,aincomeDuetothecombinedeffectofvariousfactors,,theaverageannualgrowthhasexceeded8%.Farmersincomestructureexperiencedremarkablechanges,withthesourcesofincomegrpercapitanetincomeincreasedfrom36%in2005to41%in2010;between2005and2010,theaveragecontributionofwageincometofarmers%.Ruralmigrantworkerscontinuouswageincoincomegrowthandimprovementinruralmarketcirculation,andunderthenationalpolicytospurruralconsumption,ruralconsumptiondemandrosesignificantly,andfarmers,thetwoexemptionsandonesubsidypolicy(liesfrompayingtuitionandmiscellaneousfees,andtoprovidelivingsubsidiesforboarders)concerningruralcompulsoryeducationhasbeenfullyimplement,thethreesystems,namelythenewruralcooperativemedicalsystempilotedin2003,theminimumsubsistenceallowancessystemfullyestablishedin2007andthenewruralpensionschemepilotedin2009,realizedfullcoveragein2012;othersocialsecurityschemessuchasruralfiveguarantees(,clothing,housing,medicalcareandburialexpensesforold,weak,orphaned,widowedordisabledruralresidentswhoareunabletoworkandhavenofamilysupport.)alsorapidlydevelopedandadvanced;withtheimplementationofgovernmentresponsibilityinruralresidentssocialsecurity,wishesoverthepastthousandsofyears,,beingprovidedforatoldage,beingproperlytreatedwhenill,andbeingassistedwhileindifficultcircumstances,,notableprogressismadeinconstructionofwater,electricity,roads,,benefitingfarmers,andenrichingruralareasFirstly,inordertoguaranteefoodmarketsuppliesandsecuregraingrowersbenefits,theStatehasi,inresponsetothepricedecreaseanddifficultsaleofcertainagriculturalproducts,temporaryprocurementandstoragemeasureshavebeentakenforcorn,soybean,,,the,subsidycategorieshaveextendedtopaddyrice,wheat,corn,rape,cotton,potatoes,peanuts,highlandbarley,pigs,,subsidiesforgrowingimprovedvarietiesofpaddyrice,wheat,,inordertoaccelerateagriculturalmechanization,subsidiesforpurchaseofagriculturalmachineryandtoolswereestablished,farmerswhopurchasedadvancedagriculturalmachineryandtoolswouldbegrantedsubsidies,andcategoriesofsubsidizedagriculturalmachineryandtoolskeptincreasing,,thecentralgovernmeofagriculturalcapitalgoodssuchasfertilizeranddiesel,in2006,thecentralgovernmentofChina,,,whichplayedasignificantroleinmobilizingfarmersinitiativetogrowgrainsandinpromotingcontinualannualincreaseingrainproductionandfarmersincome,,fromthepilotmeasuresmadein2000tooverallimplementationin2003andthentothecompleteabolishmentofagriculturaltaxin2006,ittook6yearsfortheagriculturaltaxreformtoterminatethe2600-year-oldpracticeofpayinggraintaxtothegovernment.Concomitantreformsoftownandtownshipgovernmentbodies,ruralcompulsoryeducation,countyandtownshipfinancialmanagementsystem,,ruraldebtdissolution,,in2004,gra,thereformintenureofcollectiveforestsmademajorbreakthroughs,andthereformgoalsofclearlydefiningthepropertyrightsan,ovincialgovernments,thefirststageofmanagementsystemreformwentthroughsuccessfullyforruralcreditcooperatives,nomicsectors,includingfarming,forestry,livestockhusbandry,side-occupation,fishery,theirrelatedproductions,processingandcommercializationactivities,,,significantprogresswasmadeinprotectingruralmigrantworkers,majorlawsandregulations,includingGuidelinesoftheStateCouncilonSolvingMigrantWorkersProblems,EmploymentPromotionLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,LaborContractLaw,SocialInsuranceLaw,LaborDisputesMediationandArbitrationLawandsoon,havebeensuccessivelypromulgated,andamendmentshavebeenmadetoRegulationsonWork-relatedInjuryInsurance,sothataproperlegalframeworkwasformedtoaddressruralmigrantworkersd,andmigrantworkersaccesstovocationalskilltraining,employmentguidance,socialsecurity,andsuchservicesaseducationoftheirchildren,familyplanning,diseasepreventionandsoonhavebeensignificantlyimproved.ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo109,sHigh-TechServiceIndustries:BasicStatusandDevelopmentTrendSincethe1980s,therapiddevelopmentofknowledgeeconomyhascultivatedlargenumbersofhightechnologiesandtheservicei,,thegrowingdemandforserviceoutsourcinghaspromptedtheemergenceofnewth,,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriesareemergingindustries,whicharestillin,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriessuchasinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftware,scientificresearch,%%evalueappreciationofservicetargetsandtheinternalservicesofsomeproductionenterprisesarenotstatisticallyincluded,thestatisticalad,withalargescale,alargebasenumberandagrowthratelowert~2007period,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrygrew17%annuallyonaverage;t%,whichwaslowerthantheaveragelevelofthetertiaryindustry;thatofscientificresearch,%,~2008period,theannualgrowthrateoftheinvestmentinfixedassetsintheindustriesofscientificresearch,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospectingwasction,thegrowthofChinashigtheintermediateconsumptionbyproducerserviceindustrieswasfallingwhilethecoefficientofthepersonalconsumptionwasrising(LiShantong,GaoChuanshengetal:DevelopmentofChinasProducerServiceIndustriesandUpgradingofItsManufacturingIndustry,ShanghaiTrinityBookstore,November2008).Themainreasonwasthatmanufacturin,becausetheseenterpriseswereencouragedtobecomeinnovators,cityandcompetitivenessExceptfortelecomandlargenetworkoperators,,Chinahadover20,000softwareenterprisesin2008,,eachenterpriseemed,,butitsInternetmarketiss,thetotalrevenueofChinamongtheworldtop10,thetoshigh-techserviceenterprisesarenotedforweakinnovationcapacity,andtheirshig,Chinassoftwareserviceindustryisoneoftheindu,theexportofChina,accountingforonly15%,mostoftheinvestmentsinhigh-techserviceindustriescomemainlyfromChinesesources,,mostoftheseinvestmentsareraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,foreign-controlledenterprisesaccountedfor13%ofallthe14,373softwareenterprisesinChina,and30%,90%oftheinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheindustriesofinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftwarewereraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,%forthei%,accountingfor26%,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospecting,%oftheirinvestmentinfixedassets,,%ofthetotalinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheRDserviceindustry(Seethetablebelowfordetailedinformation).SourcesofInvestmentsinFixedAssetsinVariousIndustriesin2007(%)。

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